|Task: Analyze the Enterprise||
To identify the business need presented and ensure it fits within the vision of the agency.
Analyzing the enterprise includes identifying the business need, refining and clarifying the definition of the need,
and defining a solution scope that can feasibly be implemented by the business. This task describes problem definition
and analysis, business case development, feasibility studies, and the definition of solutions scope.
Enterprise analysis is often the starting point for initiating a new project and is continued as changes occur and more
information becomes available.
Define the Business Need
The definition of the business need is frequently the most critical step in any business analysis
effort. The business need defines the problem that the business analyst is trying to find a solution for. The way the
business need is defined determines which alternative solutions will be considered, which stakeholders will be
consulted, and which solution approaches will be evaluated.
Assess Capability Gaps
Assess the current capabilities of the enterprise and identify the gaps that prevent the agency from
meeting business needs and achieving desired outcomes. Determine if it is possible for the agency to meet the business
need using its existing structure, people, processes, and technology. If the organization can meet the business need
with its existing capabilities, the resulting change is likely to be relatively small.
However, if existing capabilities are inadequate, it will probably be necessary to launch a project to
create that capability. Change may be needed to any component of the enterprise, including but not limited to: business
processes, functions, lines of business, organization structures, organization locations, data and information
application systems and/or technology infrastructure.
Determine Solution Approach
The solution approach describes the general approach that will be taken to create or acquire the new
capabilities required to meet the business need. To determine the solution approach, it is necessary to identify
possible approaches, determine the means by which the solution may be delivered and assess whether the agency is
capable of implementing and effectively using a solution of that nature.
Some possible approaches include:
· Utilize additional capabilities of editing software/hardware that is already available within the
· Purchase or lease software/hardware from a supplier.
· Design and develop custom software.
· Add resources to the business or make organizational changes.
· Change the business procedures/processes.
· Partner with other organizations, or outsource work to suppliers.
Define Solution Scope
Conceptualize the recommended solution in enough detail to enable the stakeholders to understand which
new business capabilities the initiative will deliver. The solution scope will change throughout a project, based on
changes in the business environment or as the project scope is changed to meet budget, time, quality, or other
constraints. The solution scope includes:
· The scope of analysis which provides the context in which the solution is implemented.
· The capabilities supported by solution components, such as business processes, organizational units, and
· The capabilities to be supported by individual releases or iterations.
· The enabling capabilities that are required in order for the organization to develop the capabilities required
to meet the business need.
Define Business Case
The business case describes the justification for the project in terms of the value to be added to the
business as a result of the deployed solution, as compared to the cost to develop and operate the solution. The
business case may also include qualitative and quantitative benefits, estimates of cost and time to break even, profit
expectations, and follow on opportunities. The business case may present expected cash flow consequences of the action
over time and the methods and rationale that were used for quantifying benefits and costs. This provides a framework to
demonstrate how the initiative is expected to achieve business objectives. In addition, the business case lists the
constraints associated with the proposed project, along with the estimated budget, and alignment with strategies
established by the agency.
The performance of all enterprise analysis activities are governed by the business analysis plans. The
business analysis performance metrics should be tracked.